History of Goa

History of Goa

ITINERARY AT A GLANCE

Goa is India's smallest state; it is located on the west coast of India in the region known as Konkan. Goa was ruled by the Portuguese for 450 years till it was liberated from the Portuguese to form a part of India on 19th December 1961 Goa has a rich and varied history. It was part of the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century BC, followed by the rule of the Satvahanas of Kolhapur and the Bhojas who made Chandor their capital. From 580 - 750 AD the Chalukyas of Badami held sway over Goa until the Silharas took control in 1086 AD.

Goa tour package is a full complete package of romance, charmness, and spirituality and You can Explore surreal evenings, exotic nightlife, inspiring mornings and charming beaches, these blenders makes an exotic Goa Tour Package Gulhalla Deva of the Kadambas, originally from Mysore, consolidated his hold over Chandor in the 11th century AD until the 13th century AD. As their kingdom prospered, the Kadamba rulers built a navy that was unbeatable in its time. Chandor their capital was too small. They then moved to Goa Velha, where only the massive tank of the temple of Goddess Chamunda remains today. The Fr Agnel monastery on the hill at Pilar houses a museum that has notable collections of that period.

The State Museum at Panaji has an extensive collection of artifacts from different periods of Goa's history. A smaller museum in Old Goa on Christian Art also displays a distinctive selection.

Jayakeshi-I 1052-1080 AD proclaimed himself Lord of the Konkan and Emperor of the Western Seas. On his death Goa fell to the Chalukyas of Kalyani and later to the Yadavas of Devgiri.

Muslims held sway from 1312-1370 AD over the Konkan region. However, with the breakup of the Tughlaq Kingdom, it was the Bahamani Sultans who then controlled Goa.

Madhav Mantri, who headed the army of Harihara of Vijaynagar, reclaimed and ruled Goa as its Viceroy. In 1469 the Bahamani Vizier Khwaja Mohammed Gawan of Gulbarga laid a two-year siege of Goa's seaside forts and ended Vijayanagar's rule.

Yusuf Adil Shah, the adopted son of Gawan, moved his capital to Ela in Old Goa in 1498. He later built himself a palace in Panaji which until recently housed the State Secretariat. His rule lasted 12 years.

On 25 November 1510 he lost Goa for good to Afonso de Albuquerque, a Portuguese who had taken the city earlier in March that year. The Portuguese ruled for 450 years. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army liberated Goa from Portuguese rule, the culmination of the efforts of scores of freedom fighters, both Hindu and Christian. Thereafter Goa remained a Union Territory administered from New Delhi till it attained Statehood on May 30, 1987. In August 1992, Konkani, the mother tongue of most Goans was granted official language status under the Indian Constitution.

The multi-religious fabric of Goa's society shines brightly, imbibed with the spirit of "Sarva Dharma, Sarva Bhava" or Equal Respect for all Religions. Goa abounds with famous churches and temples and a harmonious co-existence prevails between people of various faiths. Irrespective of whether they are Catholic, Hindu or Muslim, many Goans prostrate in symbiotic reverence before deities of other faiths than the one they profess. Religion dwells in the hearts of Goans wherever in the world they may be.

Many tourists from all over the world comes to visit Goa. The number of tourists from the entire globe is increasing day by day to visit this incredible part of India. During the Goa travel, the tourist can ensure a comfortable stay in those palaces, where they are felicitated with all the modern amenities. All these accounting the real sense of tourism place in India.

Things to do in Goa

1. Fort Chapora: This fort in North Goa became famous after the Bollywood film Dil Chahta Hai's iconic scene was shot. It is located in Bardez above the Chapora River. It was built by the Mughal King Akbar with the help of the Marathas to refrain the Portuguese to enter the port city.

2. Fort Aguada: A Portuguese fort with the lighthouse is a must visit for every wanderlust. People who visit Goa often like to spend the time at the fort, that overlooks the sea from one side and the beauty of Goa city from one side.

3. Beaches: There are a variety of beaches in Goa. For spending some time to relax yourself from your stressful life and enjoy white sand beaches, you must go to Varca, Benaulim, among many others. Benaulim beaches have watersports and many adventurous activities. There is a fisherman's market across the beach and you get to see the charm of Goa. The Northern beaches of Goa have all the life. There are tattoo artists and beach sports that you can enjoy with your partner or your entire family. Anjuna beach is the most happening place to be in Goa. You walk through the flea market and eat food and a beer at the many shacks near the coastline.

4. Churches: The Basilica of Bom Jesus Church in Goa is the most revered church, a manifestation of the state's Portuguese heritage. Goa is very famous for this church and many tour packages highly recommend visiting this place

5. Casinos and Ships: Any trip to Goa is incomplete without spending a night at a Casino. Many Goa tour packages also include a stay at one of the casinos.

6.Adventure sports: with high rapids in the sea and enjoying the cool breeze, many tourists love to enjoy water sports like paragliding and surfing. Kayaking and windsurfing are some other sports that people enjoy, especially those who come from abroad. Honeymoon packages usually include the ferry and kayak rides, and you might get like and spot a dolphin.

7. Scooties: The real feel of Goa and what it has to offer comes when you hire a scooty and ride through the lanes. Since Goa has narrow but clean roads, it is a joy to 'scooty' your way and enjoy the scenery. Many honeymoon packages highly recommend this. All you need is a license and an authorized rental shop, and you're good to go.

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